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Saturday, July 21, 2018

Selenium WebDriver Tutorial for Beginners


Selenium WebDriver Tutorial for Beginners

i) Introduction to Selenium WebDriver

ii) Selenium WebDriver Environment Setup

iii) Write starting fourth dimension Selenium Test Case
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i) Introduction to Selenium WebDriver

Selenium's Tool Suite
Selenium IDE
Selenium RC
Selenium WebDriver
Selenium Grid
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Selenium WebDriver:

> In 2006, Selenium WebDriver was launched at Google.

> In 2008, the whole Selenium squad decided to merge Selenium RC amongst Selenium WebDriver inwards gild to shape to a greater extent than powerful tool called Selenium 2.0

Selenium 1.0 + WebDriver = Selenium 2.0

Selenium 1.0
(Selenium IDE + Selenium RC + Selenium Grid)

Selenium 2.0
(Selenium IDE + Selenium RC + Selenium WebDriver + Selenium Grid)

Note: Now Selenium RC is alone for maintenance Projects.
----------------------------------------
Selenium WebDriver Features:

> It has Programming Interface only, no IDE
----------------------------------------
 Selenium IDE : 
We tin flaming practise Test cases using Recording characteristic as well as heighten Test cases using Selenese Commands/ Selenium IDE Commands.

Using Element Locators as well as Selenese Commands nosotros practise Test cases inwards Selenium IDE.

No Programming inwards Selenium IDE.

Selenium WebDriver:

We practise Test Cases using Element Locators as well as WebDriver Methods/Commands, Enhance Test cases using programming features.

No IDE inwards Selenium WebDriver.

UFT/QTP:

We practise Tests using Tool features (Ex: Recording etc...)and heighten Tests using Tool features (Ex: Checkpoints, Output values, Data Table etc...) as well as Script/Programming features (Ex: Conditional Statements, Loop Statements, Functions etc...).

IDE every bit good every bit Programming Interface.
---------------------------------------------
Test Design

Generate Basic Tests/Test Cases
Enhance Tests
----------------------------------------------
General

Object Property Value Operations

Dog name abcd Run, Jump etc...
height 40 Cm
color black
weight etc... 10 Kg

Man name
surname
color
weight
Age etc...
--------------------------------------------------------------
UFT

Object Property Value Operations

Link text Gmail Click, depository fiscal establishment jibe enabled condition etc...
height
enabled true
visible true
x


Selenium

Element Locator Value Operations

Edit box id Email Enter a Value, Check enabled status
name
xpath 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> Selenium WebDriver supports diverse programming languages to write Test scripts.

Java
C#
Python
PHP
Ruby
Perl

> Selenium WebDriver supports diverse Browsers to practise as well as execute Test Cases

Mozilla Firefox

Google Chrome

IE

Safari

Opera etc...

> Selenium WebDriver supports diverse operating environments

MS Window
Linux
Macintosh etc...

> Selenium WebDriver supports Data Driven Testing as well as Cross Browser Testing.

> Selenium WebDriver is faster inwards exam execution when it compares to other Functional Test tools.

> Selenium supports parallel exam execution.

> Selenium WebDriver supports Batch Testing amongst the attention of either JUnit or TestNG Framework.
----------------------------------------------
Drawbacks of Selenium WebDriver:

> Selenium WebDriver doesn't guide maintain IDE (No Tool features), as well as thence creating exam cases takes to a greater extent than fourth dimension as well as efforts.

> Selenium WebDriver supports alone Web Applications (doesn't back upwardly Desktop Applications)

> No built inwards Result Reporting facility

> No reliable Technical support

> Limited back upwardly for Image Testing

> No other tool integration for Test Management.
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ii) Selenium WebDriver Environment Setup

Steps:

1) Download as well as Install Java (jdk) software - To practise as well as execute programs (Test Scripts)

2) Set Environment variable (Path Variable) - Optional (only for Command line)

3) Download Eclipse IDE as well as Extract. - To write as well as execute Java programs.
--------------------------------------------------------
4) Download Selenium WebDriver Java Language binding from www.seleniumhq.org as well as Add WebDriver
jar files to Java Project inwards Eclipse IDE.
----------------------------------------
ii) Selenium WebDriver Environment Setup:

Download Selenium WebDriver Java Language binding as well as extract.

Add Selenium WebDriver Java langauge binding to Java Project inwards Eclipse

Navigation:

> Create Java Project
> Select Java Project as well as Right click
> Build path
> Configure Bulid path
> Select Libraries Tab
> Click "External Jars"
> Browse path of Selenium WebDriver jars
> Add
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iii) Create Selenium WebDriver Test Case:

Manual Test Case:

a) Test Case ID: gcrShop_admin_TC001

b) Test Case Name: Verify Admin Login inwards GCR Shop spider web portal.

c) Test Steps:
1) Launch the Browser as well as Navigate to "http://www.gcrit.com/build3/admin/"
2) Enter Username
3) Enter Password
4) Click "Login" Button
-----------------------
d) Verification Point/s

Capture URL afterwards Login as well as compare amongst expected.

Expected: http://www.gcrit.com/build3/admin/index.php

Actual: http://www.gcrit.com/build3/admin/index.php

e) Input Data / Test Data

Username = "admin"
Password = "admin@123"

f) Result: Pass
--------------------------------------------
Inspect Elements

Mozilla Firefox - Page Inspector (Built inwards Feature) to inspect Elements/ Download as well as Install Firebug Plug in

Google Chrome - Developer Tools (Built in) / F12

IE - Developer Tools (Built-in) / F12
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Selenium WebDriver Test Case:

public static void main(String[] args) {
WebDriver driver= novel FirefoxDriver();//Launches Firefox browser amongst blank url
driver.get("http://www.gcrit.com/build3/admin/"); //Navigates to Admin Home page
driver.findElement(By.name("username")).sendKeys("admin");
driver.findElement(By.name("password")).sendKeys("admin@123");
driver.findElement(By.id("tdb1")).click();

String URL = driver.getCurrentUrl();

if (URL.equals("http://www.gcrit.com/build3/admin/index.php")){
System.out.println("Login Successful - Passed");
}
else {
System.out.println("Login Unsuccessful - Failed");
}
driver.close();//Closes Browser
}
}
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Sumber http://www.gcreddy.com/

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